Gita Study: Class 35


Topics for today:

  1. Opening prayers and Gita Dhyanam
  2. Chapter 2 verse 51-53

 Highlights of today’s class:

Verse 2.51

karmajam buddhiyukta hi phalam tyaktva manisinah | janmabandhavinirmuktah padam gacchantyanamayam ||

  • That karma yoga leads to absolute freedom, moksha, is brought out in this verse by Lord Krishna. A Karma yogi gains freedom from rebirth (janmabandha nirmuktah) and attains that end which is free from all affliction (anamayam padam). This is moksha.
  • Karma yoga leads to antah-karana-suddhi which leads to atma-jnana-prapti leading to atma-jnana-nishta which is moksha. We saw this sequence earlier also.
  • Birth is nothing but karma phala. Even if karma phala is punya, in order to experience it one has to take a birth in some loka. As long as moksha is not gained and one has doership, punya can get exhausted and the jiva returns in another birth to collect more karma phalas. Thus janma or birth is indispensable for experiencing karma phala. Since we have no control over it and it is of a painful nature, it is called bondage, janmabandha.
  • Another point highlighted in the previous verse and to be remembered here too is that moksha is in this life itself and not after death. As Pujya Swamiji says, “Unless you are liberated now, while you are alive, you are not going to be liberated later when you are dead.”

Verse 2.52

yada te mohakalilam buddhirvyatitarisyati | tada gantasi nirvedam srotavyasya srutasya ca ||

  • In this verse and the next, Lord Krishna gives a roadmap to get to atma-jnana and moksha. As though answering the question of Arjuna, “by doing karma with the attitude of karma yoga, when shall I attain moksha?”, Krishna presents these two verses.
  • As though in reply to this unasked question, Krishna says that when one’s intellect overcomes delusion with regard to human pursuits, then one gains a dispassion towards the various means and ends of the world and Veda that one heard so far and is yet to hear.
  • For dispassion to be firm, the intellect has to be clear. In other words firm dispassion is preceded by discrimination.

Verse 2.53

srutivipratipanna te yada sthasyati niscala | samadhavachala buddhistada yogamavapsyasi ||

  • Continuing from prior verse, Krishna tells Arjuna that one gets established in self-knowledge atma-jnana, when one’s mind is no longer distracted by the various means and ends mentioned in the karma kanda portion of the Vedas and remains steady and firmly established in the self.
  • The word niscala here refers to the mind whose goal is clear and is no longer distracted prompted by raga-dveshas. It remains steady and firmly established in the self, atma.
  • The word acala refers to the mind which has no doubts with regard to the truth of oneself as revealed by the sastra. There could be many doubts with regard to the teaching of Vedanta. Through the process of sravana and manana, these doubts get resolved and the mind becomes acala.

om tat sat


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